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ลองค้นหาคำในรูปแบบอื่นๆ เพื่อให้ได้ผลลัพธ์มากขึ้นหรือน้อยลง: -constrained-, *constrained*, constrain, constraine
English-Thai: NECTEC's Lexitron-2 Dictionary [with local updates]
constrained[ADJ] ที่เค้นออกมา, See also: ที่ไม่เป็นธรรมชาติ
constrained[ADJ] ที่บังคับ, Syn. compelled, forced

English-Thai: HOPE Dictionary [with local updates]
constrained(คันสเทรนดฺ') adj. ถูกบังคับ,ซึ่งระงับความรู้สึกไว้,ฝืนใจ,ถูกจำกัด

ตัวอย่างประโยค (EN,TH,DE,JA,CN) จาก Open Subtitles
Ligature marks on her wrists and ankles indicate she was constrained.มีร่องรอยถูกมัด ที่ข้อมือและข้อเท้า ซึ่งชี้ว่า เธอถูกบังคับ Reckoner (2009)
I will not be constrained by your god or anyone else's.ฉันจะไม่ยอม ให้พระเจ้าของแกบีบบังคับ หรืออย่างอื่นมาครอบงำ Gone, Gone, Gone (2012)
Fenrir, the giant wolf, could not be constrained by any means known to man, so the dwarves forged a chain, but not from metal.เฟนเรีย หมาป่ายักษ์ ไม่สามารถบังคับได้ โดยวิธีที่เรารู้ ดังนั้นคนแคระได้หลอมโซ่ All Change (2013)
People, like objects, become set in their paths, embedded in a constrained reality.ผู้คน เหมือนวัตถุ ถูกบังคับให้ไปตามเส้นทางของมัน Reunions (2013)

ตัวอย่างประโยคจาก Tanaka JP-EN Corpus
constrainedI felt constrained to help her.
constrainedI was constrained to tell a lie.
constrainedThe government finances are severely constrained because of falling tax revenues.
constrainedWe are constrained to and restrained from an action.

Thai-English-French: Volubilis Dictionary 1.0
จำ[v.] (jam) EN: have to ; be constrained ; be obliged ; be obliged   FR: être contraint ; être obligé ; devoir
จำใจ[v.] (jamjai) EN: have to ; be compelled ; be forced ; be obliged ; be constrained ; do sth against one's will ; be unwilling ; be reluctant   FR: devoir ; être obligé ; être contraint ; faire qqch. contre sa volonté/contre son gré/malgré soi

CMU English Pronouncing Dictionary

Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary (pronunciation guide only)
constrained    (v) (k @1 n s t r ei1 n d)
constrainedly    (a) (k @1 n s t r ei1 n @ d l ii)

German-English: TU-Chemnitz DING Dictionary
zwanghaft {adj} | zwanghafter | am zwanghaftestenconstrained | more constrained | most constrained [Add to Longdo]

Japanese-English: EDICT Dictionary
ぎこちない(P);ぎごちない[, gikochinai (P); gigochinai] (adj-i) awkward; clumsy; stiff; crude; unrefined; constrained; (P) [Add to Longdo]
気が詰まる[きがつまる, kigatsumaru] (exp,v5r) to feel constrained; to feel ill at ease [Add to Longdo]
気の詰まる[きのつまる, kinotsumaru] (exp,adj-f) (See 気が詰まる) constrained; ill at ease [Add to Longdo]
気詰まり;気詰り;気づまり[きづまり, kidumari] (adj-na) constrained; uncomfortable; awkward [Add to Longdo]
窮屈[きゅうくつ, kyuukutsu] (adj-na,n) narrow; tight; stiff; rigid; uneasy; formal; constrained; (P) [Add to Longdo]
条件付き最適化[じょうけんつきさいてきか, joukentsukisaitekika] (n) {comp} constrained optimization [Add to Longdo]
洒脱[しゃだつ, shadatsu] (adj-na,n) unconventional; unconstrained [Add to Longdo]

Chinese-English: CC-CEDICT Dictionary
[wò, ㄨㄛˋ, ] constrained [Add to Longdo]
迫于[pò yú, ㄆㄛˋ ㄩˊ, / ] constrained; restricted; forced to; under pressure to do sth [Add to Longdo]

Japanese-English: COMPDICT Dictionary
条件付き最適化[じょうけんつきさいてきか, joukentsukisaitekika] constrained optimization [Add to Longdo]

Result from Foreign Dictionaries (3 entries found)

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

  Constrain \Con*strain"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Constrained}; p.
     pr. & vb. n. {Constraining}.] [OF. constraindre, F.
     contrainde, L. constringere; con- + stringere to draw tight.
     See {Strain}, and. cf. {Constrict}, {Constringe}.]
     1. To secure by bonds; to chain; to bond or confine; to hold
        tightly; to constringe.
        [1913 Webster]
              He binds in chains
              The drowsy prophet, and his limbs constrains.
        [1913 Webster]
              When winter frosts constrain the fields with cold.
        [1913 Webster]
     2. To bring into a narrow compass; to compress.
        [1913 Webster]
              How the strait stays the slender waist constrain.
        [1913 Webster]
     3. To hold back by force; to restrain; to repress.
        [1913 Webster]
              My sire in caves constrains the winds. --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
     4. To compel; to force; to necessitate; to oblige.
        [1913 Webster]
              The love of Christ constraineth us.   --2. Cor. v.
        [1913 Webster]
              I was constrained to appeal unto C[ae]sar. --Acts
                                                    xxviii. 19.
        [1913 Webster]
     5. To violate; to ravish. [Obs.] --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
     6. To produce in such a manner as to give an unnatural
        effect; as, a constrained voice.
     Syn: To compel; force; drive; impel; urge; press.
          [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]:

  Constrained \Con*strained"\, a.
     Marked by constraint; not free; not voluntary; embarrassed;
     as, a constrained manner; a constrained tone.
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:

      adj 1: lacking spontaneity; not natural; "a constrained smile";
             "forced heartiness"; "a strained smile" [syn:
             {constrained}, {forced}, {strained}]

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